With traditional linear algebra textbooks, the course is relatively easy for most of the students during the early stages as material is presented in a familiar, concrete setting. However, when abstract concepts are introduced, college students often hit a wall. Instructors seem to agree that certain concepts (such as spanning, linear independence, vector space, subspace, and linear transformations) are not easily understood and require time to assimilate. These concepts are fundamental to the study of linear algebra, so college students’ understanding of them is vital to mastering the subject. This etextbook, **Linear Algebra and Its Applications 5th edition (PDF) **makes these concepts more accessible by introducing them early in a familiar, concrete *R ^{n} * setting, developing them gradually, and returning to them throughout the textbook so that when they are discussed in the abstract, all students are readily able to understand.

**Note: This only includes the Linear Algebra and Its Applications 5e PDF. No online codes are included with the purchase**

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