Here we present a small guide that aims to present general and basic aspects of how to develop a thesis. Many times we have been intimidated by the development of a research work of this magnitude. However, you can find more techniques of thesis in Edupeet. After reading this guide you will understand that the realization of a thesis is a very exciting work, where you can discover, rethink and even create.
1. Create a work plan. In order to carry out an investigation, it is essential to have an organization of all the activities that you intend to follow, this will help you in the good administration of the time resource and will shape your project. Keep in mind that you must address searches, investigations, practices, and readings, among other types of materials.
2. Poses a blueprint or thesis profile. This blueprint will establish the parameters of your search, that is, you will define the research topic and it will give you an idea of the materials you must have and the resources you will need to access these materials. This step is important because in this way you will not be surprised if you cannot access the requested information.
3. Make a scheme. The scheme helps to give meaning and body to the investigation. Within your scheme, you should contemplate:
- Definition of the problem
- Definition of technical terminology
- Research objectives
- Hypothesis posed by the thesis
- Reference framework or theoretical framework
Work on your thesis
- Start the research stage. This stage requires a thorough review of the bibliographic material. To avoid falling into the problem of excess information, you must define your search in the following aspects: concepts linked to the subject or problem investigated, pre-existing works on the subject, different methods that have been used to solve it and authors who have treated it.
- Organize the information so that its manipulation is easier. The form of organization can be physical or logical. If we talk about a physical method, we refer to a file based on photocopies, manuscripts, photographs, etc. When we speak of a logical file, we refer to the taking of citations or key points of the bibliographic bases, these can be collected in magnetic media or in the elaboration of files.
- The writing begins. Do not forget that the writing should be very neat, because your document will become a research material for other people. Consistency in writing, clarity and good spelling are of great importance. Throughout the writing, you must keep the style, do not forget that it helps a lot to resort to grammatical resources. It is advisable to use short words and phrases.
- When a phrase is long or complicated, because the idea it reflects is long and complicated, you should try to clarify it. Keep in mind that science must be written in an active and impersonal voice, therefore avoiding value judgments. Apply different techniques within the structure of the thesis. You can develop the theme in different ways, such as through synoptic charts and concept maps. These help to expose in a more specific and direct way the concepts that you are developing.
- Elaborate on each section of the thesis.
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The thesis must be composed of a series of divisions give order and meaning to the content of it. A well exposed and complete thesis should have the following sections:
- Cover: here is the title of the thesis, the validity and recognition of the study, the authors of the work, the editing entity and the date of printing.
- Introduction: it is where you make the presentation of your work in a formal way, expressing the objective of such research, the reasons that led you to carry it out and the bases that support it. In the introduction you can include:
- Prologue: where you prepare the reader about what he will find when he reads the thesis.
- Objective: here you manifest what you intend with the presentation of your thesis.
- Justification: you show the why of the thesis and the reason for it.
- Hypothesis: is the supposition or main idea that you intend to demonstrate with your research.
- Methodology used: shows how it was done and what it was done with.
- Index: place where you develop the content of the thesis, organized by chapters, titles and pages where they are.
- Chapters: this is where you expose, demonstrate and give the conclusions derived from experimentation.
- Conclusions: it is where you show the most important part of the investigation. You must specify the findings and the verification of the hypothesis.
- Bibliography: is the part where you write all the Bibliographical references and documents that you used to develop your thesis. It must be complete information that contains the full name of the author, the name of the work, the publishing house, the country of origin and the year in which it was edited.
- Complementary part: it is the last section of the thesis, where you include the annexes, appendices, a glossary of terms and graphs and tables.